Showing posts with label Pakistan Armed Forces. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pakistan Armed Forces. Show all posts

Saturday, November 8, 2014

Pakistani Law Enforcement Agencies Contact Numbers

As a responsible Pakistani citizen, it is our duty too, to keep Pakistan safe for us and our future generations. These are the contact numbers of control rooms established by Law Enforcement agencies in collaboration with Pakistan Army in all major cities of Pakistan. Please save these numbers in your mobile phones and report any suspicious activities in your area.

Pakistani Law Enforcement Agencies Contact Numbers

Sunday, August 10, 2014

Pakistan Army SSG Stands Among Top 10 Special Forces Of The World

Special forces, or special operations forces are military units trained to perform unconventional missions. Special forces, as they would now be recognized, emerged in the early 20th century, with a significant growth in the field during the Second World War.

Depending on the country, special forces may perform some of the following specializations: airborne operations, counter-insurgency, "counter-terrorism" , covert ops, direct action, hostage rescue, high-value targets/man hunting, intelligence operations, mobility operations, and unconventional warfare.

Capabilities :-

Special forces capabilities include the following :-

Reconnaissance and surveillance in hostile environments
Training and development of other states' military and security forces
Offensive action
counter espionage
Support to counter-insurgency through population engagement and support
Counter-terrorism operations
Sabotage and demolition
Hostage rescue

Special Forces Of Pakistan And Pakistan Army :-

Pakistan’s SSG known as the ‘Black Storks’ worldwide, is a division sized group headed by a Major-General and divided into ten battalions, the actual strength of which is classified. The special operations forces of Pakistan are known as Special Services Group (SSG). It comprises the SSG of Pakistan Army, Special Services Group Navy (SSGN) of Pakistan Navy and Special Services Wing (SSW) of Pakistan Air Force. SSG's primary and special missions are asymmetric warfare, special operations, counter-proliferation, unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, hostage rescue, counter terrorism, and personnel recovery. SSG has a large history of special operations during Indo-Pakisatani wars, counterinsurgency in Pakistan's tribal belt, as well as number of hostage rescue missions. The Navy's SSGN was used in the PNS Mehran attack. SSG holds joint exercises regularly with other special forces of the world. SSG of Pak Army also provides security to the Royal Family of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Special Services Group Among Top 10 Special Forces Of The World :-

Recently a journal published by armed forces museum analysed and developed a list of top 10 special forces in the world depending on their capabilities, operational history, success rate and various other military and economical factors. This List Includes the Top 10 special forces in the world. Pakistan Army's Special Operations Force SSG Or Special Services Group is ranked ninth 9th in this list. It is an honor for our country and our special forces. Our Arch enemy India also has many types of special forces but any of their special forces were not included in this list. Surely Pakistani Nation will be proud of their brave sons who face the horrible phenomenons of nature and endanger their lives in the line of duty and in the line of fire, just to save their motherland Pakistan.
Here is the list which represents the top 10 special forces of the world.

No. Country Name Of Special Force
10. Russia Russian Spetsnaz
9. Pakistan Special Service Group (SSG)
8. Austria EKO Cobra
7. France French Army Special Forces Brigade
6. Poland GROM
5. Germany GSG9
4. Israel Shayetet 13
3. United States Of America Delta Force
2. United States Of America SEAL Team 6 DEVGRU
1. United Kingdom SAS

Insignia Of Special Services Group Pakistan Army
Insignia Of Special Services Group Pakistan Army

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Pakistan Air Force Introduction

In 1933, British colonial government of India established the subcontinent’s first Air Force station near Drigh Road, now called PAF Base Faisal. In 1934, this element of the Royal Indian Air Force (RIAF) was extended to the north for operations in NWFP. The RIAF had also contributed to the defeat of Japanese invasion during World War II.
In 1947, the British left sub-continent after dividing it into two sovereign states of India and Pakistan. Pakistan Air Force (PAF) was born immediately afterwards. Distribution of military assets between the new states was to follow. However, India with an inherent resentment towards the creation of Pakistan tried to subvert our capabilities by crippling Pakistan militarily. It denied the then Royal Pakistan Air Force (RPAF) even the officially agreed small portions of weapons, equipment and aircraft allocated by departing British as its legitimate share. Much of what was eventually received from India was inoperable. Crates of equipment contained nothing but scrap and waste. The RPAF got 16 fighter aircraft as its foundation. It started off with one squadron of eight Tempest aircraft and a small remnant of No 1 Squadron Royal Indian Air Force (RIAF) which was subsequently utilized to raise No 5 Squadron.
Within three weeks of independence, Indian hegemonic designs sparked off the first war between Pakistan and India. Pakistan’s young air arm was called upon to fly supply missions with one of the two war weary Dakotas. Contending with the unpredictable weather, the difficult terrain, and the enemy fighters was an uphill task. The strength was replenished with two more Dakotas only as the skirmishes resumed the following winters. In the narrow valleys of Kashmir, the stirring tale of Flying Officer Mukhtar Dogar defiantly scissoring his lumbering Dakota with pursuing RIAF Tempests taking pot-shots at him defined the fighting doctrine of the PAF, defend Pakistan and learn to fight outnumbered. Within the span of a year this young air force had completed 437 mercy drops, delivering more than 500 tons of supplies and food.
Whilst these brave pioneers were documenting the historic beginning of PAF, the force was faced with the enigma of finding aircraft to fly. However, despite the lack of funds and market places, PAF entered the jet age in August, 1951 with the induction of British built Attackers. Until mid-1950s PAF’s fighter force comprised nearly 100 Hawker Furies and a dwindling number of Tempests. Then, the first air defence radar was installed and the PAF was rapidly setting up its own advanced flying and technical training institutions. F-86 Sabers and T-33 jet trainers were inducted in PAF as a result of the United States (US) aid.
From 1955 to1965, the Air Force armed its squadrons with the most modern jet fighters and bombers, Sabers and F-104 Starfighters as fighters, B-57s as bombers and the ubiquitous C-130s as transport fleet. The seven years of rigorous training with realistic threat perception, planning and preparation had enabled PAF to inflict a humiliating defeat on the enemy in 1965 when the mutual hostility of the rival neighbours escalated into a war. PAF struck hard its rival and kept it reeling under tactics of shock and unpredictability. Many victories came to PAF pilots who exacted an even retribution on the enemy, leaving it in total disarray. At the end of the war, India had lost 110 aircraft with 19 damaged, not including those destroyed on the ground at night, against a loss of 16 PAF planes. Thus the outnumbered PAF emerged triumphant over a four times larger force, its air defence controllers, engineers, logisticians and hands just as much the heroes as its pilots.
Pakistan Air Force
Pakistan Air Force
The third war between the South Asian foes began when, in December 1971, the Indian Army crossed into East Pakistan and from the encircling air Bases ten squadrons of the IAF challenged the PAF’s only squadron, No 14, located at Dhaka. The Tail Choppers of 1965 rose heroically to meet the aggressors, and before their squadron was grounded by a bombed out runway, they and their ack ack gunners had destroyed 23 IAF aircraft. The PAF’s Mirages, B-57s, Sabers, F-6s and a few F-104s spearheaded Pakistan’s retaliation from the west. At war’s end IAF had lost 130 aircraft in all. The three-to-one kill ratio that Pakistan scored, however, could not prevent the tragic fall of Dhaka. The trauma of separation of East Pakistan and a preventable military catastrophe affected all Pakistanis deeply and lingered long afterwards. However a stoic recovery was brisk. PAF soon reorganised and reequipped assimilating the new threat environment on the sub-continent.
During the Afghan war in the eighties, PAF had to keep a constant vigil on its western border. Despite the fact that PAF was not allowed hot pursuit into Afghanistan, the pilots and the ground controllers together managed to shoot down eight Soviet/Afghan aircraft without a single own loss.
The post-Afghan war period witnessed a resource constraint with the drying up of traditional sources. The immediate need for induction of a hi-tech aircraft was one part of the crises; the sheer sustenance of the fleet was another. Due to economic constraints, PAF went for cost effective purchases like A-5 aircraft and such upgrades as the ROSE, which gave the old Mirages very good nav-attack, weapon delivery, and other capabilities. With this, self-reliance picked up pace and PAF worked on Griffo radar, Mistral and Anza missiles simultaneously. To keep the ageing weapon systems & aircraft from becoming obsolete, chaff and flares dispensers, radar warning receivers, and laser automation for better weapon delivery were added to the old aircrafts.
The succeeding years witnessed many significant developments including the milestones achieved by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC), Kamra such as F-7P overhaul, aircraft engines maintenance, the co–production of K-8 and Super Mushshaq aircraft, the quality standards achieved by Kamra Avionics and Radar Factory. Project JF-17 Thunder was conceived to replace the PAF’s ageing, medium-tech fleet of Mirages, F-7, and A-5 aircraft that would progressively retire from service. It is planned to be a multi-role, light-weight day/night all weather fighter. It would be able to attack ground targets and ships, and engage enemy aircraft at considerable ranges. The aircraft will be inducted in PAF by 2006 and will be co-produced at PAC Kamra. This technological edge will secure both better national security environment and economic benefits for the country.
Today, new maintenance concepts and facilities are based on a more direct communication, optimum use of software database and reliable electronic networks. Accompanying the technological developments, education and training are duly accentuated with special emphasis on R & D.
In the wake of war on terrorism and with the reality of living with an implacable opponent, Pakistan Air Force keeps on an all-time vigil. During Ops- Sentinel 2001-2002, when India had amassed its forces on Pak borders, PAF remained ready for dealing a telling blow to the enemy.
Derived from the national military objectives, the PAF leadership has clearly visualised and laid down the operational doctrine for the nation’s air arm. PAF takes its pick of the finest young people in the land. It has now acquired new depths of human skills and initiative. Together, all branches of PAF are delivering unprecedented serviceability rates and efficient management of all resources. Poised on the threshold of tomorrow, PAF remains, as the Quaid said, “Second to None”; fully abreast with the requisite will and mechanism to live by its standards in the coming millennium and beyond.

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Chief Of Army Staff Visiting Army Air Defense Command

Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Raheel Sharif visited Sonmiani Ranges and witnessed Air Defense Firing Exercises. Full range of Air Defense Weapons including Guns and surface to air missiles were used in the exercise. The COAS greatly appreciated the professionalism of participating units and standards achieved in engaging aerial targets. While interacting with the troops, COAS reiterated that the multidimensional security threats faced by the country required a high state of preparedness at all times. Highest standard of training and professionalism must remain our hallmark to accomplish the mission, he emphasized. Earlier, on arrival at the Range, COAS was received by Lieutenant General Muhammad Zahid Latif  Mirza, Commander Army Air Defense Command.
ISPR Press Release
Pakistan Armed Forces

Friday, April 18, 2014

Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army

The Glock pistol, sometimes referred to by the manufacturer as a Glock "Safe Action" Pistol, is a series of polymer-framed, short recoil operated, locked breech semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Glock Ges.m.b.H., located in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria. It entered Austrian military and police service by 1982.
Operating Mechanism :-
Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army
Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army
The Glock 17 is a 9mm short recoil-operated locked breech semi-automatic pistol that uses a modified Browning cam-lock system adapted from the Hi-Power pistol. The firearm's locking mechanism utilizes a linkless, vertically tilting barrel with a rectangular breech that
locks into the ejection port cut-out in the slide. During the recoil stroke, the barrel moves rearward initially locked together with the slide approximately 3 mm (0.12 in) until the bullet leaves the barrel and chamber pressure drops to a safe level. A ramped lug extension at the base of the barrel then interacts with a tapered locking block integrated into the frame, forcing the barrel down and unlocking it from the slide. This camming action terminates the barrel's movement while the slide continues back under recoil, extracting and ejecting the spent cartridge casing. The slide's uninterrupted rearward movement and counter-recoil cycle are characteristic of the Browning system.
Use By Pakistan Army :-
Glock pistols are very popular among Pakistan army and especially special services group of Pakistan army. The reasons are fire rate, accuracy, and light weight and therefore one operative can hold more ammo. There pistols are very reliable and useful in close quarter combat and urban warfare.

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Investiture Ceremony At GHQ Rawalpindi

Rawalpindi - April 15, 2014
Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Raheel Sharif conferred military awards to the Army personnel in an investiture ceremony held at General Headquarters today. A large number of military officials and relatives of awardees attended the ceremony. 10 officers and 20 soldiers were awarded TAMGHA-E-BISALAT, 22 officers were awarded SITARA-I-IMTIAZ (MILITARY), and 3 soldiers were awarded United Nations (UN) Medal. Medals of Shuhada were received by their family members.
Investiture Ceremony At GHQ Rawalpindi
Investiture Ceremony

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Special Services Group Of Pakistan Army

The Special Services Group (SSG) is a special operations force of the Pakistan Army. It is quite similar to the U.S. Army's Special Forces and the British Army's SAS. The SSG, headquartered at Tarbela, is headed by a Major-General and divided into ten battalions, the actual strength of which is classified.
Training :-
Special Services Group Of Pakistan Army Insignia
Special Services Group Of Pakistan Army
SSG officers must have at least five years of prior military experience and volunteer from other formations for two-year assignments with the SSG; non-commissioned officers and enlisted men volunteer from other formations to serve permanently in the SSG. All trainees must participate in a nine-month SSG course at Cherat. The SSG course emphasizes physical conditioning, including a 36-mile march in 12 hours and a five-mile run in 20 minutes with full gear. Following the SSG course, trainees must go through the airborne training to get their commando wings from the SSG Airborne School. The course lasts four weeks, with wings awarded after five day-jumps and three night-jumps. The SSG recruits get trained in hand-to-hand combat training and very hard physical fitness training; only about 25% of recruits make it through to the Pakistan SSG due to the very tough training course.
Uniform :-
The commandos are distinguished by their insignia of maroon berets, a common color for airborne troops, with a silver metal tab on a light blue felt square with a dagger and lightning bolts, and a wing on the right side of the chest. The combat uniform of the SSG is similar to the US woodland pattern camouflage coat and pants. Other uniforms include camouflage and black dungarees (for the CT team). 
Equipment :-
The SSG is equipped with an array of modern weaponry which includes, Steyr AUG, SIG 552 LR, HK G3, and Chinese Type-81/56 rifles, Colt M4 carbines, and FN P90 and HK-MP5 Submachine guns (many different variants). Light machine gun in use is Rheinmetall MG3 (locally produced along with HK G3s and MP5s). In sniper or Marksman role, the SSG CT (Counter-Terrorism) teams are equipped with Barrett M82, Finnish Tikka bolt-action rifles, Steyr sniper SSG 69, POF Eye Corner shot gun and HK PSG1 and Dragunov SVD Semi-automatic rifles. Pistols include various Heckler & K
och & Glock models.
Organisation :-
Pakistani special forces have 10 battalions
- 1st Commando Yaldrum Battalion
- 2nd Commando Rahbar Battalion
- 3rd Commando Powindahs Battalion
- 4th Commando Yalghar Battalion
- 5th Commando Zilzaal Battalion
- 6th Commando AL Samsaam Battalion
- 7th Commando Babrum Battalion
Each battalion consists of 700 men in four companies, with each company split into platoons and then into 10-man teams. Battalions are commanded by Lieutenant Colonels.
Plus three independent commando companies :
- Musa Company - Specializes in Amphibious Operations
- Zarrar Company - Specializes in Counter-terrorism

Friday, April 11, 2014

Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle

Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle With Knife
The G3 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed in the 1950s by the German armament manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) in collaboration with the Spanish state-owned design and development agency CETME.

The G3A3 (A4) is a selective-fire automatic weapon that employs a roller-delayed blowback operating system. The two-piece bolt assembly consists of a breech (bolt head) and bolt carrier. The bolt is held in battery by two sliding cylindrical rollers that engage locking recesses in the barrel extension (popularly called a "trunnion"; BATF calls this a "mounting block"). The breech is opened when both rollers are compressed inward against camming surfaces driven by the rearward pressure of the expanding gases upon the bolt head. As the rollers move inward, recoil energy is transferred to the locking piece and bolt carrier which begin to withdraw while the bolt head slowly moves rearward in relation to the bolt carrier. As the bolt carrier clears the rollers, pressure in the bore drops to a safe level, the bolt head is caught by the bolt carrier and moves to the rear as one unit, continuing the operating cycle.
The firearm is equipped with iron sights that consist of a rotary rear drum and hooded front post. The rear sight, mechanically adjustable for both windage and elevation, has an open notch used to fire up to 100 m and three apertures used for: 200, 300 and 400 m. The receiver housing has recesses that work with HK clamp adapters used to mount day or night optics.

In Use Of Pakistan Army :-
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle Sniper Varient
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle Sniper Varient
Many people ask questions that why Pakistani army uses this old rifle and large caliber. The answer lies in the very detailed specifications of this gun. The gun is designed for medium ranged combats and is very effective against targets at 500 meters. This gun can penetrate brick walls and bunker walls without concrete and Level 3 body armour. As you may know that most of the armed forces of our arch enemy Hindustan use level 3 body armour, therefore this gun is very useful for penetrating this  kind of armour and breaching bunker walls at long ranges. Also it can also be converted in a sniper rifle with small modifications and serve as a general purpose sniper rifle. The rate of fire is extremely fast. There are two types of magazines. Other specifications are given below.

Specifications :-
▪ 4.1 kg (9.04 lb) (G3A3)
▪ 4.7 kg (10 lb) (G3A4)
▪ 5.54 kg (12.2 lb) with optic (G3SG/1)
▪ 4.1 kg (9.0 lb) (G3K)
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) (G3A3)
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) stock extended / 840 mm
▪ (33.1 in) stock collapsed (G3A4)
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) (G3SG/1)
▪ 895 mm (35.2 in) stock extended / 711 mm (28.0 in) stock collapsed (G3K)
Barrel length
▪ 450 mm (17.7 in)
▪ 315 mm (12.4 in) (G3K)
▪ 7.62×51mm NATO
▪ Roller-delayed blowback
Rate of fire
▪ 500–600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity
▪ 800 m/s (2,625 ft/s)
Effective firing range
▪ 500 meters (550 yd), 100–400 m sight adjustments
Feed system
▪ 20-round detachable box
▪ 50-round drum magazine
▪ Rear: rotary diopter; front: hooded post

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)

JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)
JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)
The JF-17 can carry a variety of missiles and bombs, including air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles, supplemented by a 23/30 mm GSh-23-2 twin-barrel auto cannon. It is powered by a RD-93 afterburning turbofan, and has a top speed of Mach 1.6. The JF-17 is slated to become the "mid-tech" backbone of Pakistan Air Force (Pakistan Air Force), complementing the few "high-tech" surplus F-16s with the J-10Bs order delayed indefinitely. The JF-17 is expected to fill the duties of aerial reconnaissance, ground-attack and interception.

Pakistan Air Force has already started induction, and has plans to induct around 250 units. The JF-17 will replace Pakistan's ageing fleet of A-5C, Mirage-III, Mirage-V, and F-7P/PG by 2015.
The software written for the Pakistan Air Force JF-17's avionics totals more than one million lines of instructions, incorporating the concept of open architecture. Rather than using the Ada programming language, which is specially optimized for military applications, the software is written using the popular civilian C++ programming language to better use the large number of civilian software programmers available. The redesigned PT-04 prototype JF-17 had more advanced avionics than its predecessors, which are included on the production version of the Pakistan Air Force jets.
The communication systems of Pakistan Air Force comprise two VHF/UHF radios, one of them having capacity for data linking. The data link can be used to exchange data with ground control centers, airborne early warning and control aircraft and other combat aircraft also equipped with compatible data links. Using this ability of data linking it can also communicate with recently inducted state of the art main battle tank Al Khalid Tank in Pakistan army. The ability to data link with other "nodes" such as aircraft and ground stations allows JF-17 to become part of a network, improving the situational awareness of the pilot and other entities in the network. Data linking is an essential part of the main battle systems. Modern warfare is solely based on effective co-ordination between different armed forces. Therefore this system is very useful for today’s battle ground.
Cockpit Of JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)
Cockpit Of JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)

The JF-17 has a defensive aids system (DAS) made up of various integrated sub-systems. A radar warning receiver (RWR) gives data such as direction and proximity of enemy radars to the pilot and electronic warfare (EW) suite, housed in a fairing at the tip of the tail fin for greater coverage that interferes with enemy radars. The EW suite is also linked to a Missile Approach Warning (MAW) system to help it defend against radar-guided missiles. The MAW system uses several optical sensors mounted on the airframe (two of which can be seen at the base of the vertical stabilizer) that detect the rocket motors of missiles and gives 360 degree coverage. Data collected by the MAW system, such as direction of inbound missiles and the time to impact, is also shown on the cockpit displays and HUD to warn the pilot. A counter-measures dispensing system releases decoy flares and chaff to help the aircraft evade enemy radars and missiles. The DAS systems will also be enhanced by integration of a self-protection radar jamming pod which will be carried externally on one of the aircraft's hard points.

Propulsion And Fuel System
The JF-17 is powered by a single Russian RD-93 turbofan engine, which is a variant of the RD-33 engine used on the Mig-29 fighter. The engine gives more thrust and significantly lower specific fuel consumption than the turbojet engines fitted to older combat aircraft being replaced by the JF-17. The advantages of using only one engine are that both maintenance time and cost are significantly lower than twin-engine fighters. A thrust-to-weight ratio of 0.99 can be achieved, with full internal fuel tanks and no external payload. The engine's air supply is provided by two bifurcated air inlets. However the RD-93 is known to produce smoke trails.

JF-17 can be armed with up to 3,629 kg (8,000 lb) of air-to-air and air-to-ground weaponry, as well as other equipment, mounted externally on the aircraft's seven hard points. One hard point is located under the fuselage between the main landing gear, two are underneath each wing and one at each wing-tip. All 7 hard points communicate via a MIL-STD-1760 data-bus architecture with the Stores Management System, which is stated to be capable of integration with weaponry of any origin. Internal armament comprises one 23 mm GSh-23-2 twin-barrel cannon mounted under the port side air intake, which can be replaced with a 30 mm GSh-30-2 twin-barrel cannon.
Simulator Of JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)
Simulator Of JF-17 Thunder Of Pakistan Airforce (PAF)
Active radar homing BVR AAMs can be deployed once integrated with the on-board radar and data-link for mid-course updates. The Chinese PL-12/SD-10 is expected to be the aircraft's primary BVR air-to-air weapon, although this may change if radars of other origin are fitted. Short range infra-red homing missiles currently integrated include the Chinese PL-5E and PL-9C, as well as the AIM-9L. The PAKISTAN AIR FORCE is also seeking to arm the JF-17 with a modern fifth generation close-combat missile such as the IRIS-T or A-darter. These will be integrated with the HMS/D as well as the radar for targeting.

Specifications Of JF-17 Thunder Aircraft Of Pakistan Air Force
Data from Pakistan Aeronautical Complex.

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 14.93 m (49 ft)
  • Wingspan: 9.45 m (31 ft, including 2 wingtip missiles)
  • Height: 4.72 m (15 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 24.4 m² (263 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,586 kg (14,520 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,100 kg (20,062 lb)
  • Useful load: 3000 kg (6600 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 12,383 kg (27,300 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Klimov RD-93
  • Dry thrust: 49.4 kN / 51.2 kN (11,106 lbf / 11,510 lbf)
  • Thrust with afterburner: 84.5 kN (19,000 lbf)
  • G-limit: +8 g / -3 g
  • Internal Fuel Capacity: 2,300 kg (5,130 lb)


  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.6
  • Combat radius: 1,352 km (840 mi)
  • Ferry range: 3,482 km (1,880 NM)
  • Service ceiling: 16,920 m (55,500 ft)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.95 

  • Guns: 1× 23 mm GSh-23-2 twin-barrel cannon (can be replaced with 30 mm GSh-30-2)
  • Hardpoints: 7 in total (4× under-wing, 2× wing-tip, 1× under-fuselage; pylon stations number 3, 4 and 5 are wet-plumb capable) with a capacity of 3,629 kg (8,001 lb) for external fuel and ordnance

Air-to-air missiles:
  • MAA-1 Piranha (Short-range)
  • AIM-9L/M (Short-range)
  • PL-5EII (Short-range)
  • PL-9C (Short-range)
  • PL-12 / SD-10 (Beyond visual range)]
  • Air-to-surface missiles:
  • MAR-1 (Anti-radiation missile)
  • C-802A (Anti-ship missiles)
  • C-803 (Anti-ship missiles)
  • CM-400AKG (Hypersonic Anti-ship missiles)
  • Ra'ad ALCM (Nuclear capable Stealth Cruise missile)

Unguided bombs:
  • Mk-82 (general purpose bomb)
  • Mk-84 (general purpose bomb)
  • Matra Durandal (anti-runway bomb)
  • CBU-100/Mk-20 Rockeye (anti-armor cluster bomb)

Precision guided munitions (PGM):
  • GBU-10 (Laser-guided)
  • GBU-12 (Laser-guided)
  • LT-2 (Laser-guided)
  • H-2 (electro-optically guided)
  • H-4 (electro-optically guided)
  • LS-6 (satellite-guided glide bombs)
  • Satellite-guided bombs

  • Countermeasures (Flares, Chaff)
  • Up to 3 external drop tanks (2× under-wing 1,100 liters (240 imp gal; 290 US gal), 1× under-fuselage 800 liters (180 imp gal; 210 US gal)) for extended range/loitering time


  • DEEC electronic warfare suite
  • NRIET KLJ-7 multi-mode fire-control radar
  • Night vision goggles (NVG) compatible glass cockpit
  • Helmet Mounted Sights/Display (HMS/D)
Externally mounted avionics pods:
  • KG-300G self-protection radar jamming pod
  • WMD-7 day/night targeting pod

Saturday, April 5, 2014

Powerful Weapon Of Pakistan Army | The Al-Khalid Tank (MBT)

Operated by a crew of three and armed with a 125 mm smooth-bore tank gun that is reloaded automatically, the tank uses a modern fire-control system (FCS) integrated with night time warfare equipment and is capable of firing many types of anti-tank rounds, normal explosive, high explosive as well as guided anti-tank missiles. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is named after the 7th-century Great Muslim General and Strategist Khalid Bin Waleed Razi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.
Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is the combination of technologies from old Chinese and Soviet tanks, the main feature of the composite design is that it is much smaller and lighter than most of the modern western and NATO tanks. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is based n Chinese type 90-II which was also a great combination of modern and old tanks of Russia and western tanks used by Americans and NATO forces. The most important feature of Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank design is that it is adaptable for manufacturing, so that it is very easy to combine it modern western technologies like engines, suspensions, transmissions and armament. The main variant of production of these tanks uses a diesel engine and a very high tech transmission supplied by KMBD Design of Ukraine. The first batch of ready for battle tanks were inducted in Pakistan army in year 2001. The actual numbers of tanks currently in service are classified as it is a matter of national security for both Pakistan and Muslim world. It is a general practice of militaries all around the world to not to reveal their operational capacities and number of troops and vehicles used under their command.

Armaments of Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank :-
Al-Khalid main gun is designed with a 125 mm (length: 48 calibers) smoothbore, auto-frettaged and chrome-plated gun barrel which can easily fire the following types of conventional ammunition and rounds.

  • HE-FS.

Al-Khalid Main Battle Tanks are also capable of carrying and firing Gun launched, laser guided anti tank guide missiles.
The gun is a modified variant of KBA-3 series of 125 mm smooth bore gun for Al-Khalid MBT which provided compatibility with Ukrainian ATGMs such as Kombat. Gun-launched, laser-guided anti-tank guided missiles can also be launched.
Al Khalid also fires some Pakistani made ammunition. It fires Pakistani made du rounds named Naiza 125mm (amour penetration rounds: 550 mm In RHA at 2 Kilometers). It is also equipped with state of the art muzzle reference system and dual-axis stabilization system. Elevation and azimuthal control is provided by electro-hydraulic power drives. The automatic ammunition handling and firing system for the main gun has a total capacity of 24 rounds ready to fire magazine. The firing rate of this tank is very high. The firing rate is approximately eight rounds per minute.

Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is equipped with a modern 7.62mm-coaxil machine gun. It is also capable of externally mounting different air defense guns that can be aimed and fired automatically from within the tank. It also has capability to launch smoke screens to avoid laser targeting from enemy tanks and enemy aircrafts. There are separate smoke grenade launchers.
The gunner is provided with a dual-magnification day sight and the commander with a panoramic sight for all-around independent surveillance. Both sights are dual-axis image stabilized and have independent laser range-finders. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tanks also has the hunter killer capability. It means that the commander of the tank can identify and acquire new targets while the gunner is engaging another target and destroying them.
There is also a state of the art automatic target identifying, tracking and locking system. This system help commander and gunner of al Khalid tank to accurately fire on moving targets even if their tank is also moving. Special night time warfare optics are also installed separately both for commander and gunner. Night vision warfare capability for the gunner and commander is provided through a dual-magnification thermal imaging sight. Both sights are also integrated with the fire-control system.
The fire control system is that of western origin which is installed in al Khalid tank. The ballistic computation time is less than one second.

  • Effective range: 200 to 7,000 meters ( 2 to 8 Kilometers ).
  • Sensor: laser ranging from 200 to 9,990 meters (200 Meters To 9.99 Kilometers).
  • French Auto-tracking, interfaced with gunner station, firing four types of munitions, gunner's thermal imaging sight, commander's image intensification night vision sight, gyro-stabilized and UPS power supply system.

Al Khalid has many types of sensors and amour attached to it. Different types of amour are reactive armour, nuclear, biological, chemical defense amour. A very effective thermal smoke generator. It also has an internal fire extinguisher and explosion suppression system. The infrared signature of the tank is reduced using a special type of paint specifically developed for this purpose. Al Khalid tank is also equipped with newly developed indigenous explosive reactive amour. Which is very light weight and also more resistant to different type of anti tank ammunition including APFSDS, HEAT and HE-FS rounds.

These are some of the main specifications of the al Khalid tank inducted in 2001 in Pakistan army. Pakistani engineers are constantly working to improve it further to increase its capabilities. In general al Khalid tank is definitely a force multiplier for Pakistani armed forces to protect our ideological and geographical borders.

The Al-Khalid Tank Of Pakistan Army
The Al-Khalid Tank (MBT)