Showing posts with label Pakistan Army Weapon. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pakistan Army Weapon. Show all posts

Friday, July 4, 2014

Heckler & Koch MP5 Of Pakistan Army

The Heckler & Koch MP5 (from German: Maschinenpistole 5, "machine pistol model 5") is a 9mm submachine gun of German design, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar. There are over 100 variants of the MP5, including a semi-automatic version. The MP5 is one of the most widely used submachine guns in the world, having been adopted by 40 nations and numerous military, law enforcement, intelligence, and security organizations. In the 1990s, Heckler & Koch developed the Heckler & Koch UMP, the MP5's successor; both are available as of 2014.
Design Specifications :-
The primary version of the MP5 family is the MP5A2, which is a lightweight, air-cooled, selective fire delayed blowback operated 9×19mm Parabellum weapon with a roller-delayed bolt. It fires from a closed bolt (bolt forward) position. The fixed, free floating, cold hammer-forged barrel has 6 right-hand grooves with a 1 in 250 mm (1:10 in) rifling twist rate and is pressed and pinned into the receiver.
Features :-
The first MP5 models used a double-column straight box magazine, but since 1977, slightly curved, steel magazines are used with a 15-round capacity (weighing 0.12 kg) or a 30-round capacity (0.17 kg empty).
The adjustable iron sights (closed type) consist of a rotating rear diopter drum and a front post installed in a hooded ring. The rear sight is adjustable for both windage and elevation with the use of a special tool, being adjusted at the factory for firing at 25m with standard 124 grains FMJ 9x19mm NATO ammunition; the drum provides four different apertures of varying width used to adjust the light entrance in the diopter system, according to the user's eye relief and tactical situation, and not for firing at 25, 50, 75 and 100m as some people wrongly imagine.
The MP5 has a hammer firing mechanism. The trigger group is housed inside an interchangeable polymer trigger module (with an integrated pistol grip) and equipped with a three-position fire mode selector that serves as the manual safety toggle. The “S” or Sicher position in white denotes weapon safe, “E” or Einzelfeuer in red represents single fire, and “F” or FeuerstoƟ (also marked in red) designates continuous fire. The SEF symbols appear on both sides of the plastic trigger group. The selector lever is actuated with the thumb of the shooting hand and is located only on the left side of the original SEF trigger group or on both sides of the ambidextrous trigger groups. The safety/selector is rotated into the various firing settings or safety position by depressing the tail end of the lever. Tactile clicks (stops) are present at each position to provide a positive stop and prevent inadvertent rotation. The "safe" setting disables the trigger by blocking the hammer release with a solid section of the safety axle located inside the trigger housing.
The non-reciprocating cocking handle is located above the handguard and protrudes from the cocking handle tube at approximately a 45° angle. This rigid control is attached to a tubular piece within the cocking lever housing called the cocking lever support, which in turn, makes contact with the forward extension of the bolt group. It is not however connected to the bolt carrier and therefore cannot be used as a forward assist to fully seat the bolt group. The cocking handle is held in a forward position by a spring detent located in the front end of the cocking lever support which engages in the cocking lever housing. The lever is locked back by pulling it fully to the rear and rotating it slightly clockwise where it can be hooked into an indent in the cocking lever tube.
Operating Mechanism Details :-
The bolt rigidly engages the barrel extension a cylindrical component welded to the receiver into which the barrel is pinned. The delay mechanism is of the same design as that used in the G3 rifle. The two-part bolt consists of a bolt head with rollers and a bolt carrier. The heavier bolt carrier lies up against the bolt head when the weapon is ready to fire and inclined planes on the front locking piece lie between the rollers and force them out into recesses in the barrel extension.
Heckler & Koch MP5 Of Pakistan Army
Heckler & Koch MP5 Of Pakistan Army
When fired, expanding propellant gases produced from the burning powder in the cartridge exert rearward pressure on the bolt head transferred through the base of the cartridge case as it is propelled out of the chamber. A portion of this force is transmitted through the rollers projecting from the bolt head, which are cammed inward against the inclined flanks of the locking recesses in the barrel extension and to the angled shoulders of the locking piece. The selected angles of the recesses and the incline on the locking piece produce a velocity ratio of about 4:1 between the bolt carrier and the bolt head. This results in a calculated delay, allowing the projectile to exit the barrel and gas pressure to drop to a safe level before the case is extracted from the chamber.
The delay results from the amount of time it takes for enough recoil energy to be transferred through to the bolt carrier in a sufficient quantity for it to be driven to the rear against the force of inertia of the bolt carrier and the forward pressure exerted against the bolt by the recoil spring. As the rollers are forced inward they displace the locking piece and propel the bolt carrier to the rear. The bolt carrier's rearward velocity is four times that of the bolt head since the cartridge remains in the chamber for a short period of time during the initial recoil impulse. After the bolt carrier has traveled rearward 4 mm, the locking piece is withdrawn fully from the bolt head and the rollers are compressed into the bolt head. Only once the locking rollers are fully cammed into the bolt head can the entire bolt group continue its rearward movement in the receiver, breaking the seal in the chamber and continuing the feeding cycle.
Since the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge is relatively low powered, the bolt does not have an anti-bounce device like the G3, but instead the bolt carrier contains tungsten granules that prevent the bolt group from bouncing back after impacting the barrel extension. The weapon has a fluted chamber that enhances extraction reliability by bleeding gases backwards into the shallow flutes running along the length of the chamber to prevent the cartridge case from expanding and sticking to the chamber walls (since the bolt is opened under relatively high barrel pressure). A spring extractor is installed inside the bolt head and holds the case securely until it strikes the ejector arm and is thrown out of the ejection port to the right of the receiver. The lever-type ejector is located inside the trigger housing (activated by the movement of the recoiling bolt).
Manufactured And Used By Pakistan Army :-
Pakistan ordinance factories make this weapon under license. This fast submachine gun is used special services group and some other law enforcement agencies inside pakistan. This weapon is used globally for the protection details of VIPs’. Pakistan Manufactures the MP5A2, MP5P3 (MP5A3), MP5P4 (MP5A4), MP5P5 (MP5A5) and SMG PK (MP5K). The SMG PK-1 is an MP5K clone with a short retractable stock.

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Hatf III ( Ghaznavi) Ballsitic Missile Of Pakistan Army

Rawalpindi - April 22, 2014
Hatf III ( Ghaznavi) Ballsitic Missile Of Pakistan Army
Hatf III ( Ghaznavi) Ballsitic Missile Of Pakistan Army
Pakistan today conducted a successful training launch of Short Range Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile Hatf III (Ghaznavi), which can carry nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 290 kilometers. The successful launch concluded the Field Training Exercise of Strategic Missile Group of Army Strategic Forces Command.
The Training Launch was witnessed by the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Rashad Mahmood, Director General Strategic Plans Division, Lieutenant General Zubair Mahmood Hayat, Commander Army Strategic Forces Command, Lieutenant General Obaid Ullah Khan, Chairman NESCOM, Mr Muhammad Irfan Burney and other senior military officials and scientists.
Addressing the troops in the exercise area,  Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee commended the troops on achieving technical and operational excellence in operating the state of the art weapon system. He expressed his satisfaction over the training goals achieved during the exercise and expected that the officers and men entrusted with the task of deterring aggression would continue to maintain professional excellence.
The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Rashad Mahmood also congratulated all the Scientists and Engineers for  the successful launch of Ghaznavi Missile, as another mile stone which has further strengthened the defence potential of Pakistan besides assuring peace in the region.
The successful test has also been warmly appreciated by the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan who congratulated the participating troops, scientists and engineers on their outstanding achievement.

Thursday, May 22, 2014

Heckler & Koch P7 Of Pakistan Army

Heckler & Koch P7 Of Pakistan Army
Heckler & Koch P7 Of Saudi Arabia
The P7 is a semi-automatic blowback-operated firearm. It features a unique gas-delayed blowback locking system modeled on the Swiss Pistole 47 W+F (Waffenfabrik Bern) prototype pistol (and ultimately on the Barnitzke system first used in the Volkssturmgewehr 1-5), which used gas pressures from the ignited cartridge and fed them through a small port in the barrel (in front of the chamber) to retard the rearward motion of the slide. This is accomplished by means of a piston contained inside of a cylinder located under the barrel that opposes the rearward motion of the slide until the gas pressure has declined after the bullet has left the barrel hence allowing the slide to end its rearward motion, opening the breech and ejecting the empty cartridge case. The chamber has 18 flutes that aid in the extraction process by allowing combustion gases to flow between the fired case and the chamber walls, preventing the case from "sticking" to the chamber walls. The drawback of this system is that the breech "opens" slightly prematurely to allow the slide to initiate its rearward motion. The high temperature gases cycling through a tube located below the chamber area and above the trigger made the early versions of this pistol uncomfortable to shoot after the content of two magazines were fired due to heating. The advantages of this system are a simpler manufacturing process due to the absence of a locking system and a high mechanical accuracy due to the barrel being fixed in the frame; the barrel does not execute any sort of lateral or vertical movement during the operating cycle as with the prolific Browning cam-action systems used extensively in other locked breech pistols.
this gun is used by Pakistan army and its special services group for providing security.

Sunday, May 18, 2014

Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army

Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army
Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army

The Dragunov is a semi-automatic gas-operated rifle with a short-stroke gas-piston system. The barrel breech is locked through a rotating bolt (left rotation) and uses three locking lugs to engage corresponding locking recesses in the barrel extension. The rifle has a manual, two-position gas regulator. After discharging the last cartridge from the magazine, the bolt carrier and bolt are held back on a bolt catch that is released by pulling the cocking handle to the rear. The rifle has a hammer-type striking mechanism and a manual lever safety selector. The firing pin is a "free-floating" type and, as a result, some soft-primered ammunition had the reputation of causing a "slam fire" event. Thus, military grade ammunition with primers confirmed to be properly seated is recommended for the Dragunov and its variants. This appears to have solved the "slam fire" issue. The rifle's receiver is machined to provide additional accuracy and torsional strength. The Dragunov's receiver bears a number of similarities to the AK action, such as the large dust cover, iron sights and lever safety selector, but these similarities are primarily cosmetic in nature.


Ammunition

Different Variant Of Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army
Different Variant Of Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army
For precision shooting, specifically designed sniper cartridges are used, developed by V. M. Sabelnikov, P. P. Sazonov and V. M. Dvorianinov. The proprietary 7N1 load has a steel jacketed projectile with an air pocket, a steel core and a lead knocker in the base for maximum terminal effect. The 7N1 was replaced in 1999 by the 7N14 round. The 7N14 is a new load developed for the SVD. It consists of a 151 grain projectile that travels at the same 830 m/s, but it has a sharp hardened steel core projectile. The rifle can also fire standard 7.62×54mmR ammunition with either conventional, tracer or armor piercing incendiary rounds.
Use By Pakistan Army :-
This Sniper Rifle is still in use by Pakistan army and its special services group along with other assault rifles and sniper rifles. but now Pakistan army is rapidly increasing its sniper units and arming them with latest high powered .50 cal sniper rifles which are the latest and most powerful sniper rifles at this time.
Other specifications of this sniper rifle are given below.

Specifications Of Dragunov Sniper Rifle :-
Weight
▪ 4.30 kg (9.48 lb) (with scope and unloaded magazine)
▪ 4.68 kg (10.3 lb) (SVDS)
▪ 4.40 kg (9.7 lb) (SVU)
▪ 5.02 kg (11.1 lb) (SWD-M)
Reticle Of Scope Of Dragunov Sniper Weapon System Of Pakistan Army
Length
▪ 1,225 mm (48.2 in) (SVD)
▪ 1,135 mm (44.7 in) stock extended / ▪ 815 mm (32.1 in) stock folded (SVDS)
▪ 900 mm (35.4 in) (SVU)
▪ 1,125 mm (44.3 in) (SWD-M)
Barrel Length
▪ 620 mm (24.4 in) (SVD, SWD-M)
▪ 565 mm (22.2 in) (SVDS)
▪ 600 mm (23.6 in) (SVU)
Cartridge
▪ 7.62×54mmR
Action
▪ Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate Of Fire
▪ 30 rounds/min
Muzzle Velocity
▪ 830 m/s (2,723 ft/s) (SVD)
▪ 810 m/s (2,657.5 ft/s) (SVDS)
▪ 800 m/s (2,624.7 ft/s) (SVU)
Effective Firing Range
▪ 800 m (875 yd)
Feed System
▪ 10-round detachable box magazine
Sights
▪ PSO-1 telescopic sight and iron sights with an adjustable rear notch sight


Thursday, May 8, 2014

Army Air Defense Command Of Pakistan Army

The Pakistan Army Air Defense Command is an active military administrative combatant staff corps of the Pakistan Army and a major combative formation tasked with air defenses of the country from the foreign threats. The Corps is stationed and headquartered at the Chaklala Army Cantonment in Rawalpindi, Punjab Province of Pakistan. The command was formed after military exercise when the Pakistani military learned of its weakness in providing air cover to a moving battlefield. It consists of a total of five military divisions; one tasked with air defense of the northern region of Pakistan and the other with the southern region. Army Air Defense has its own school named as School of Army Air Defense (SAAD).
Army Air Defense Command Of Pakistan Army
Pakistan Army Air Defense Missile Approaching Target

Wednesday, May 7, 2014

Al-Zarrar Tank Of Pakistan Army

Al-Zarrar Tank Of Pakistan Army
Al-Zarrar Tank Of Pakistan Army
During a Demonstrtion
The Al-Zarrar is a modern main battle tank (MBT) developed and manufactured by Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) of Pakistan for the Pakistan Army. The KMDB design bureau of Ukraine also took part in the development project. A re-built, upgraded variant of the Chinese Type 59 tank, Al-Zarrar is supposed to be a cost-effective replacement for the Type 59 fleet of the Pakistan Army. Equipped with modern armament, fire control and ballistic protection, the Al-Zarrar upgrade is also offered by HIT to the armies of foreign countries to upgrade their T-54/T-55 or Type 59 tanks to Al-Zarrar standard. 54 modifications made to the Type 59 make the Al-Zarrar effectively a new tank. The Al-Zarrar development program started in 1990 and the first batch of 80 upgraded tanks were delivered to the Pakistan Army on 26 February 2004.

History :-
It was decided by the Pakistan Army that their inventory of Chinese origin Type 59 tanks was too large to be discarded and replaced, so a phased upgrade program was started by Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) in 1990. The idea was to upgrade the firepower, mobility and protection of the Type 59 to allow it to compete on the modern battlefield at a fraction of the cost of a modern main battle tank (MBT). The first phase of the upgrade program was completed in 1997. The second phase started in 1998 when HIT began development and testing of a new tank, a Type 59 re-built with over 50 modifications, resulting in three prototypes with slightly differing specifications (different fire-control systems, for example). Many systems originally developed for HIT's Al-Khalid MBT were incorporated. The prototypes underwent extensive testing by HIT and the Pakistan Army, who selected the final version of the tank, dubbed Al-Zarrar. HIT began full production of Al-Zarrar during May 2003 under a renowned Project Manager Mahmood Khan.
Design Specifications Of Al Zarrar Tank :-
Armament And Fire Control :-
Al-Zarrar's primary armament is a 125 mm smoothbore tank gun with an autofrettaged, chrome-plated gun barrel. It is capable of firing APFSDS, HEAT-FS and HE-FS rounds as well as anti-tank guided missiles and a Pakistani DU (depleted uranium) round, the 125 mm Naiza. Naiza is capable of penetrating 550 mm of RHA armour at a distance of 2 km. Reloaded by a semi-automatic auto loader, the gun has a dual-axis stabilization system and thermal imaging sights for the commander and gunner. Integrated into the fire-control system. The image stabilized fire-control system includes a laser range-finder for accurate range information and ballistics computer to improve accuracy. An improved gun control system is also fitted. The secondary armament consists of an external 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun mounted on the roof of the turret, which can be aimed and fired from inside the tank, and a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun.
Al-Zarrar Tank Of Pakistan Army
Al-Zarrar MBTs Of The Pakistan Army's
27th Cavalry Regiment Stationed At Kharian.
Mobility and Protection :-
The Al-Zarrar is powered by a liquid-cooled 12-cylinder diesel engine, giving a power output of 730 hp (540 kW) and torque output of 305 kg.m at 1300–1400 rpm. A combat weight of 40 tonnes gives Al-Zarrar a power-to-weight ratio of 18.3 hp/tonne and a top speed of 65 km/h. Crew comfort is improved over the Type 59 by a modified torsion bar suspension system.
Al-Zarrar uses modular composite armor and explosive reactive armor to give improved protection from anti-tank missiles, mines and other weapons. The Pakistani ATCOP LTS-1 laser threat warning system is fitted to inform the tank crew if the tank is targeted by a laser range-finder or laser designator. Smoke grenade launchers are fitted to the sides of the turret. An automatic fire-extinguishing and explosion suppression system is installed to improve crew survivability.

Friday, April 18, 2014

Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army

The Glock pistol, sometimes referred to by the manufacturer as a Glock "Safe Action" Pistol, is a series of polymer-framed, short recoil operated, locked breech semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Glock Ges.m.b.H., located in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria. It entered Austrian military and police service by 1982.
Operating Mechanism :-
Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army
Glock 17 Of Pakistan Army
The Glock 17 is a 9mm short recoil-operated locked breech semi-automatic pistol that uses a modified Browning cam-lock system adapted from the Hi-Power pistol. The firearm's locking mechanism utilizes a linkless, vertically tilting barrel with a rectangular breech that
locks into the ejection port cut-out in the slide. During the recoil stroke, the barrel moves rearward initially locked together with the slide approximately 3 mm (0.12 in) until the bullet leaves the barrel and chamber pressure drops to a safe level. A ramped lug extension at the base of the barrel then interacts with a tapered locking block integrated into the frame, forcing the barrel down and unlocking it from the slide. This camming action terminates the barrel's movement while the slide continues back under recoil, extracting and ejecting the spent cartridge casing. The slide's uninterrupted rearward movement and counter-recoil cycle are characteristic of the Browning system.
Use By Pakistan Army :-
Glock pistols are very popular among Pakistan army and especially special services group of Pakistan army. The reasons are fire rate, accuracy, and light weight and therefore one operative can hold more ammo. There pistols are very reliable and useful in close quarter combat and urban warfare.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle

Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle With Knife
The G3 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed in the 1950s by the German armament manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) in collaboration with the Spanish state-owned design and development agency CETME.

The G3A3 (A4) is a selective-fire automatic weapon that employs a roller-delayed blowback operating system. The two-piece bolt assembly consists of a breech (bolt head) and bolt carrier. The bolt is held in battery by two sliding cylindrical rollers that engage locking recesses in the barrel extension (popularly called a "trunnion"; BATF calls this a "mounting block"). The breech is opened when both rollers are compressed inward against camming surfaces driven by the rearward pressure of the expanding gases upon the bolt head. As the rollers move inward, recoil energy is transferred to the locking piece and bolt carrier which begin to withdraw while the bolt head slowly moves rearward in relation to the bolt carrier. As the bolt carrier clears the rollers, pressure in the bore drops to a safe level, the bolt head is caught by the bolt carrier and moves to the rear as one unit, continuing the operating cycle.
The firearm is equipped with iron sights that consist of a rotary rear drum and hooded front post. The rear sight, mechanically adjustable for both windage and elevation, has an open notch used to fire up to 100 m and three apertures used for: 200, 300 and 400 m. The receiver housing has recesses that work with HK clamp adapters used to mount day or night optics.

In Use Of Pakistan Army :-
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle Sniper Varient
Standard Rifle Of Pakistan Army | The G3 Assault Rifle Sniper Varient
Many people ask questions that why Pakistani army uses this old rifle and large caliber. The answer lies in the very detailed specifications of this gun. The gun is designed for medium ranged combats and is very effective against targets at 500 meters. This gun can penetrate brick walls and bunker walls without concrete and Level 3 body armour. As you may know that most of the armed forces of our arch enemy Hindustan use level 3 body armour, therefore this gun is very useful for penetrating this  kind of armour and breaching bunker walls at long ranges. Also it can also be converted in a sniper rifle with small modifications and serve as a general purpose sniper rifle. The rate of fire is extremely fast. There are two types of magazines. Other specifications are given below.

Specifications :-
Weight
▪ 4.1 kg (9.04 lb) (G3A3)
▪ 4.7 kg (10 lb) (G3A4)
▪ 5.54 kg (12.2 lb) with optic (G3SG/1)
▪ 4.1 kg (9.0 lb) (G3K)
Length
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) (G3A3)
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) stock extended / 840 mm
▪ (33.1 in) stock collapsed (G3A4)
▪ 1,025 mm (40.4 in) (G3SG/1)
▪ 895 mm (35.2 in) stock extended / 711 mm (28.0 in) stock collapsed (G3K)
Barrel length
▪ 450 mm (17.7 in)
▪ 315 mm (12.4 in) (G3K)
Cartridge
▪ 7.62×51mm NATO
Action
▪ Roller-delayed blowback
Rate of fire
▪ 500–600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity
▪ 800 m/s (2,625 ft/s)
Effective firing range
▪ 500 meters (550 yd), 100–400 m sight adjustments
Feed system
▪ 20-round detachable box
▪ 50-round drum magazine
Sights
▪ Rear: rotary diopter; front: hooded post


Saturday, April 5, 2014

Powerful Weapon Of Pakistan Army | The Al-Khalid Tank (MBT)

Operated by a crew of three and armed with a 125 mm smooth-bore tank gun that is reloaded automatically, the tank uses a modern fire-control system (FCS) integrated with night time warfare equipment and is capable of firing many types of anti-tank rounds, normal explosive, high explosive as well as guided anti-tank missiles. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is named after the 7th-century Great Muslim General and Strategist Khalid Bin Waleed Razi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.
Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is the combination of technologies from old Chinese and Soviet tanks, the main feature of the composite design is that it is much smaller and lighter than most of the modern western and NATO tanks. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is based n Chinese type 90-II which was also a great combination of modern and old tanks of Russia and western tanks used by Americans and NATO forces. The most important feature of Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank design is that it is adaptable for manufacturing, so that it is very easy to combine it modern western technologies like engines, suspensions, transmissions and armament. The main variant of production of these tanks uses a diesel engine and a very high tech transmission supplied by KMBD Design of Ukraine. The first batch of ready for battle tanks were inducted in Pakistan army in year 2001. The actual numbers of tanks currently in service are classified as it is a matter of national security for both Pakistan and Muslim world. It is a general practice of militaries all around the world to not to reveal their operational capacities and number of troops and vehicles used under their command.

Armaments of Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank :-
Al-Khalid main gun is designed with a 125 mm (length: 48 calibers) smoothbore, auto-frettaged and chrome-plated gun barrel which can easily fire the following types of conventional ammunition and rounds.

  • APFSDS
  • HEAT-FS
  • HE-FS.

Al-Khalid Main Battle Tanks are also capable of carrying and firing Gun launched, laser guided anti tank guide missiles.
The gun is a modified variant of KBA-3 series of 125 mm smooth bore gun for Al-Khalid MBT which provided compatibility with Ukrainian ATGMs such as Kombat. Gun-launched, laser-guided anti-tank guided missiles can also be launched.
Al Khalid also fires some Pakistani made ammunition. It fires Pakistani made du rounds named Naiza 125mm (amour penetration rounds: 550 mm In RHA at 2 Kilometers). It is also equipped with state of the art muzzle reference system and dual-axis stabilization system. Elevation and azimuthal control is provided by electro-hydraulic power drives. The automatic ammunition handling and firing system for the main gun has a total capacity of 24 rounds ready to fire magazine. The firing rate of this tank is very high. The firing rate is approximately eight rounds per minute.

Al-Khalid Main Battle Tank is equipped with a modern 7.62mm-coaxil machine gun. It is also capable of externally mounting different air defense guns that can be aimed and fired automatically from within the tank. It also has capability to launch smoke screens to avoid laser targeting from enemy tanks and enemy aircrafts. There are separate smoke grenade launchers.
The gunner is provided with a dual-magnification day sight and the commander with a panoramic sight for all-around independent surveillance. Both sights are dual-axis image stabilized and have independent laser range-finders. Al-Khalid Main Battle Tanks also has the hunter killer capability. It means that the commander of the tank can identify and acquire new targets while the gunner is engaging another target and destroying them.
There is also a state of the art automatic target identifying, tracking and locking system. This system help commander and gunner of al Khalid tank to accurately fire on moving targets even if their tank is also moving. Special night time warfare optics are also installed separately both for commander and gunner. Night vision warfare capability for the gunner and commander is provided through a dual-magnification thermal imaging sight. Both sights are also integrated with the fire-control system.
The fire control system is that of western origin which is installed in al Khalid tank. The ballistic computation time is less than one second.

  • Effective range: 200 to 7,000 meters ( 2 to 8 Kilometers ).
  • Sensor: laser ranging from 200 to 9,990 meters (200 Meters To 9.99 Kilometers).
  • French Auto-tracking, interfaced with gunner station, firing four types of munitions, gunner's thermal imaging sight, commander's image intensification night vision sight, gyro-stabilized and UPS power supply system.

Protection
Al Khalid has many types of sensors and amour attached to it. Different types of amour are reactive armour, nuclear, biological, chemical defense amour. A very effective thermal smoke generator. It also has an internal fire extinguisher and explosion suppression system. The infrared signature of the tank is reduced using a special type of paint specifically developed for this purpose. Al Khalid tank is also equipped with newly developed indigenous explosive reactive amour. Which is very light weight and also more resistant to different type of anti tank ammunition including APFSDS, HEAT and HE-FS rounds.

These are some of the main specifications of the al Khalid tank inducted in 2001 in Pakistan army. Pakistani engineers are constantly working to improve it further to increase its capabilities. In general al Khalid tank is definitely a force multiplier for Pakistani armed forces to protect our ideological and geographical borders.

The Al-Khalid Tank Of Pakistan Army
The Al-Khalid Tank (MBT)